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Wednesday, May 7, 2014

Amharic Gender

Ethiopian Argument | Wednesday, May 07, 2014
Welcome to the fifth Amharic lesson about gender. This time we will view a list of people, feminine and masculine, followed by grammar rules, finally a list of expressions in Amharic to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.

man
man Audio
ወንድ [wänədə]
woman
woman Audio
ሴት [setə]
husband
husband Audio
ባል [balə ]
wife
wife Audio
ሚስት [misətə]
boy
boy Audio
ወንድ ልጅ [wänədə ləǧə ]
girl
girl Audio
ልጃገረድ [ləǧagärädə ]
father
father Audio
እባት [ʾəbatə]
mother
mother Audio
እናት [ʾənatə]


Gender Grammar Rules
In general, gender is used to distinguish between male and female, sometimes referred to as masculine and feminine. For example: my son and daughter are students the noun [son] is masculine, while [daughter] is feminine. The following examples use gender in different ways and places to demonstrate their behavior.
Grammar + RulesAmharic + Pronunciation
my son is a student
[masculine + noun]
ወንድ ልጄ ተማሪ ነው Audio
[wänədə ləǧe tämari näwə ]
her daughter is a student
[feminine + noun]
ሴት ልጅዋ ተማሪ ነች Audio
[setə ləǧəwa tämari näčə]
he has a tall brother
[adjective + masculine]
ረጅም ወንድም አለው Audio
[räǧəmə wänədəmə ʾäläwə ]
she has a tall sister
[adjective + feminine]
ረጅም እህት አላት Audio
[räǧəmə ʾəhətə ʾälatə ]
his brothers are young
[plural masculine + adjective]
ወንድሞቹ ወጣቶች ናቸው Audio
[wänədəmoču wät'atočə načäwə ]
his sisters are young
[plural feminine + adjective]
እህቶቹ ወጣቶች ናቸው Audio
[ʾəhətoču wät'atočə načäwə ]
The list below will probably provide more clarification. These are family members (males and females). I think it would be wise to memorize them as part of your important vocabulary list.
son
son Audio
ወንድ ልጅ [wänədə ləǧə ]
daughter
daughter Audio
ሴት ልጅ [ setə ləǧə]
brother
brother Audio
ወንድም [wänədəmə]
sister
sister Audio
እህት [ʾəhətə]
grandfather
grandfather Audio
ወንድ አያት [wänədə ʾäyatə]
grandmother
grandmother Audio
ሴት አያት [setə ʾäyatə]
child
child Audio
ልጅ [ləǧə]
children
children Audio
ልጆች [ləǧočə]

Expressions in Amharic
Now it's time to practice expressions used in daily conversations. If you're a beginner in learning Amharic, then the phrases below are something you would want to know.

EnglishAmharicPronunciation
What do you mean?ምን ማለትህ ነው?[mənə malätəhə näwə?] Audio
I don't understandአልገባኝም[ʾäləgäbañəmə] Audio
I don't knowአላውቅም[ʾälawəqəmə] Audio
What is that called in Amharic?ያ በአማርኛ ምን ተብሎ ይጠራል?[ya bäʾämarəña mənə täbəlo yət'äralə?] Audio
What is this?ይህ ምንድነው?[yəhə mənədənäwə?] Audio
What does that word mean in English?ያ ቃል በእንግሊዘኛ ምን ማለት ነው?[ya qalə bäʾənəgəlizäña mənə malätə näwə?] Audio
Sorry (if you made a mistake)አዝናለሁ[ʾäzənalähu] Audio

Source: Learn 101

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