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Thursday, June 26, 2014

African History

Ethiopian Argument | Thursday, June 26, 2014
By Wikipedia:-
Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most-populous continent. At about 30.2 million km² (11.7 million sq mi) including adjacent islands, it covers six percent of the Earth's total surface area and 20.4 percent of the total land area.[2] With 1.1 billion people as of 2013, it accounts for about 15% of the world's human population.[3] The continent is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The continent includes Madagascar and various archipelagoes. It has 54 fully recognized sovereign states ("countries"), nine territories and two de facto independent states with limited or no recognition.[4]
Africa's population is the youngest among all the continents; 50% of Africans are 19 years old or younger.[5]
Algeria is Africa's largest country by area, and Nigeria is the largest by population. Africa, particularly central
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Friday, June 20, 2014

Amharic Phrases - Part three

Ethiopian Argument | Friday, June 20, 2014
A collection of useful phrases in Amharic. Click on the English phrases to see them in many other languages.
Key to abbreviations: inf = informal, frm = formal, m = said to men, f = said to women, pl = said to more than one person.

ኣማርኛ (Amharic)
እንኳን ደህና መጣህ- i'nkwuan dehna metah (m)
እንኳን ደህና መጣሽ- i'nkwuan dehna metash (f)
ሰላም (sälam) / ታዲያስ(tadiyass) - inf
ጤና ይስጥልኝ (tena yste'lle'gn)- frm- for respecting expression
እንደምን አለህ፧ (i'ndemin alleh?) - m
እንደምን አለሸ፧ (i'ndemin allesh?) - f
እንደምን አላችሁ፧ (i'ndemin allachihu?) - pl
I'm fine
ደህና ነኝ (dehna negn)
ረጂም ጊዜ ከተለያየን (rejim gize keteleyayen) -
My name is ...
ስምህ ማን ነው፧ (simih man new?) - m
ስምሸ ማን ነው፧ (simish man new?) - f
የአርሰዎ ስም ማን ነው፧ (yärswo sim man new?) – frm - mostly for respecting expression
የኔ ስም ... ነው:: (yenae sim ... new)
እርስዎ ከየት ኖት፧ (i'rswo keyet not?) - frm
I'm from ...
እኔ ከ.... ነኝ፧ (i'nae ke ... negn) - frm
ስለተዋወቅን ደስ ብሎኛል (siletewaweqin dess bilognal)
እንደምን አደርህ? (i'ndemin aderik?) - m
እንደምን አደርሽ? (i'ndemin aderish?) - f
አንደምን አደሩ (əndämn adäru)- for respecting expression.
[how was your night?]
እንደምን ዋልክ? (i'ndemin walik?) - m
እንደምን ዋልሽ? (i'ndemin walish?) - f
አንደምን ዋሉ (əndämn walu)
[how did you spend the day?]
አንደምን አመሹ (əndämn amäshu)ምሽቱን እንዴት አሳለፍከው? -  mishitun i'ndet asalfekew? - m
ምሽቱን እንዴት አሳለፍሽው? - Mishitun i'ndet asalefeshiw?- f
[how did you spend the evening?]
መልካም አዳር (Mälkam adar)
ቻው (chaw) - inf, ደህና ሁን (dähna hun) - m
ደህና ሁኚ (dähna hungi) - f
ደህና ሁኑ (dähna hunu) - pl
መልካም እድል (me’elkam edil)
መልካም ቀን ይሁንልህ። (me’elkam ken yihunilih) (m)
መልካም ቀን ይሁንልሽ። (me’elkam ken yihunilish) (f)
መልካም ቀን ይሁንላችሁ። (me’elkam ken yihunilachehu) (pl)
መልካም ምግብ (melkam megeb)
መልካም ጉዞ ይሁንልህ:: (melkam guzo yehunelih)   - m
መልካም ጉዞ ይሁንል
:: (melkam guzo yehunelesh ) - f
ገባኝ (gebany)
አልገባኝም (algebany'm)
እባክህ ቀስ ብለህ ተናገር። (i’bakih kes bileh tenagger) - m
እባክሽ ቀስ ብለሽ ተናገሪ። (i’bakish kes bilesh tenaggeri) - f
እባክህ ያልከዉን ድገምልኝ። (i’bakih yalekewin degemelegn!)
እባክሽ ያልሽዉን ድገሚልኝ። (i’bakish yaleshiwn degemilign)
አማርኛ ትችላለህ? (amarenya techelalleh?) m
አማርኛ ትችያለሽ? (amarenya techiyallesh?) f
Yes, a little
አዎ፣ ትንሽ (Awe, tennish)
ይቅርታ (yiqirta)
አዝናለሁ። (aznallehu)
እባክህ (i'bakih) - m
እባክሸ (i'bakish) - f
እባክዎን (i'bakwon) - frm- respect expression
አመሰግናለሁ (ameseginalehugn)
በጣም አመሰግናለሁኝ (betam ameseginalehugn)
Response (All right / OK)
ተቀብያለሁ። (te’kebeyalehu)
መጸዳጃ ክፍል የት ነዉ? *metsedaja kifil yet new?)
ሁሉም ነገር ይህ/ይህች ሰዉየ/ሴትዮ/ ይከፍላል/ትከፍላለ
(le hulum neger yih/yihech sewuye/seteyo/ yikefilal/ tikefilalech)
ከኔ ጋር መደነስ ትፈልጋለህ።
(kene gar medenes tefelegaleh?) - m
ከኔ ጋር መደነስ ትፈልጊያለሽ።
(kene gar medenes tefelegiyalesh?) - f
I like you
እወድሀለሁ። (iwedihalehu) - m
እወድሻለሁ። (iwedishalehu) - f
አፈቅርሻለሁ። (afekirishalehu) - f
አፈቅርሀለሁ። (afekirhalehu) - m
ምህረቱን ያምጣልህ (mihretun yamitalih) - m
ያምጣልሽ። (yamitalish) f
"may god give you a speedy recover"
ሂድ! (Hid)- m
ሂጅ! (Hij) - f
ለቀቅ አርገኝ። (lekek argeng) - m
ለቀቅ አርጊኝ። (lekek argign) - f
እርዳኝ (i'rdagn) - help me - m
እርጂኝ (i'rejign) - help me- f
እርዱኝ (i'rdugn) - help me - pl
Fire! - i'sat
Stope: koom - (m) kumi! (f)
ፖሊስ ጥራ (police tira tiri!) - m
ፖሊስ ጥሪ (police tira tiru!) - f
ፖሊስ ጥሩ :: (poice tiru) - pl
መልካም ገና (Melkam Gena) - Merry Christmas
- celebrated on 7th January

መልካም አዲስ አመት (Melkam Addis Amet) - Happy New Year
- celebrated on 11th September
መልካም ፋሲካ (me’elkam fasika)
መልከም ልደት (melkam ledet)

Source: http://www.omniglot.com, but some errors are modified by http://zethio.blogspot.com

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Thursday, May 22, 2014

Swahili Verbs

Ethiopian Argument | Thursday, May 22, 2014
Welcome to the 10th lesson about verbs in Swahili. We will first learn about the present tense, followed by the past tense, and future tense. We will also analyze some grammar rules, and finally practice how to ask for direction in Swahili.
Verbs are used to express an action (I swim) or a state of being (I am). The present tense in Swahili conveys a situation or event in the present time. Here are some examples:
Present TenseSwahili
I speak Englishmimi huongea kiingereza Audio
you speak Frenchunaongea kifaransa Audio
he speaks Germananaongea kijerumani Audio
she speaks Italiananaongea kiitalia Audio
we speak Arabicsisi huongea kiarabu Audio
they speak Chinesewao huongea kichina Audio

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Swahili Vocabulary

Ethiopian Argument | Thursday, May 22, 2014
Welcome to the 9th lesson about the Swahili vocabulary. We're dedicating this page to the most important and most used words in Swahili. For example: clotheslanguagescountriestravelsurvival wordsclass, and house components.
shirt Audio
sweater Audio
jacket Audio
coat Audio
socks Audio
shoes Audio
trousers Audio
pyjamas Audio
belt Audio
underwear Audio
hat Audio
skirt Audio

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Swahili Grammar

Ethiopian Argument | Thursday, May 22, 2014
Welcome to the 8th lesson about Swahili grammar. We will first learn about prepositionsnegationquestions,adverbs, and pronouns including: personal, object and possessive pronouns.
We will start with prepositions. In general, they are used to link words to other words. For example: I speak Swahili andEnglish the preposition is [and] because it connects both words Swahili and English. The following is a list of the most used prepositions in Swahili.
andna Audio
abovejuu Audio
underchini ya Audio
beforekabla Audio
afterbaada ya Audio
in front ofmbele ya Audio
behindnyuma Audio
far frommbali na Audio
nearkaribu Audio
inkatika Audio
insidendani Audio
outsidenje Audio
withna Audio
withoutbila Audio
aboutkuhusu Audio
betweenkati ya Audio
butlakini Audio
forkwa Audio
fromkutoka Audio
tokwa Audio

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