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Thursday, May 22, 2014

Swahili Nouns

Ethiopian Argument | Thursday, May 22, 2014
Welcome to the third Swahili lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed bygrammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Swahili to help you practice your daily phrases.
potatoes
potatoes Audio
viazi
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
nyanya
onions
onions Audio
vitunguu
carrots
carrots Audio
karoti
fruits
fruits Audio
matunda
apples
apples Audio
tofaa
bananas
bananas Audio
ndizi
oranges
oranges Audio
machungwa


Nouns Grammar Rules
In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.
Grammar + RulesSwahili
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
je, una maziwa? Audio
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
nina maziwa na kahawa Audio
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
ana tofaa tatu Audio
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
ana tofaa moja tu Audio
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
tunaishi katika nyumba ndogo Audio
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
ninapenda kiamsha kinywa chetu Audio
The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.
bread
bread Audio
mkate
milk
milk Audio
maziwa
butter
butter Audio
siagi
cheese
cheese Audio
jibini/chizi
coffee
coffee Audio
kahawa
sandwich
sandwich Audio
sandwichi
meat
meat Audio
nyama
chicken
chicken Audio
kuku
fish
fish Audio
samaki
breakfast
breakfast Audio
kifungua kinywa
lunch
lunch Audio
chakula cha mchana
dinner
dinner Audio
chakula cha jioni

Conversation in Swahili
Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.
EnglishSwahili
Do you speak (English/ Swahili)?je, unafahamu kizungu, kiswahili? Audio
Just a littlekidogo tu Audio
I like Swahilinaupenda lugha ya kiswahili Audio
Can I practice with you?ninaweza kufanya mazoezi na wewe? Audio
How old are you?una miaka mingapi? Audio
I'm thirty three years oldmimi nina umri wa miaka thelathini na tatu Audio
It was nice talking to younimefurahi kuzungumza na wewe Audio
Source: www.learn101.org

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