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Sunday, May 4, 2014

Amharic Nouns

Ethiopian Argument | Sunday, May 04, 2014
Welcome to the third Amharic lesson about nouns. This time we will first learn about fruits and vegetables, followed bygrammar rules, then food items, finally a conversation in Amharic to help you practice your daily phrases. To hear the pronunciation, just click on the sound icon.
potatoes
potatoes Audio
ድንች [dənəčə]
tomatoes
tomatoes Audio
ቲማቲም [timatimə]
onions
onions Audio
ሽንኩርት [šənəkurətə]
carrots
carrots Audio
ካሮት [karotə]
fruits
fruits Audio
ፍራፍሬ [fərafəre]
apples
apples Audio
ፖም [pomə]
bananas
bananas Audio
ሙዝ [muzə]
oranges
oranges Audio
ብርቱካን [bərətukanə]

Nouns Grammar Rules

In general nouns refer to a person, an object, or abstract ideas. For example: a fast runner the noun is [runner] because it refers to a person. The examples below use nouns in different ways and places to demonstrate how they behave in a sentence.
Grammar + RulesAmharic + Pronunciation
do you have milk?
[verb + noun]
ወተት አለህ? Audio
[wätätə ʾälähə?]
I have milk and coffee
[preposition + noun]
ወተት እና ቡና አለኝ Audio
[wätätə ʾəna buna ʾäläñə]
he has three apples
[number + plural noun]
ሶስት ፖሞች አለው Audio
[sosətə pomočə ʾäläwə]
she only has one apple
[number + singular noun]
አንድ ፖም ብቻ ነው ያላት Audio
[ʾänədə pomə bəča näwə yalatə]
we live in a small house
[adjective + noun]
ትንሽ ቤት ውስጥ እንኖራለን Audio
[tənəšə betə wəsət'ə ʾənənoralänə]
I like our breakfast
[pronoun + noun]
ቁርሳችንን ወድጄዋለው Audio
[qurəsačənənə wädəǧewaläwə]
The following are nouns of food items that you might be interested in learning and memorizing.
bread
bread Audio
ዳቦ [dabo]
milk
milk Audio
ወተት [wätätə]
butter
butter Audio
ቅቤ [qəbe]
cheese
cheese Audio
አይብ [ʾäyəbə]
coffee
coffee Audio
ቡና [buna]
sandwich
sandwich Audio
ሳንድዊች [sanədəwičə]
meat
meat Audio
ስጋ [səga]
chicken
chicken Audio
ዶሮ [doro]
fish
fish Audio
አሳ [ʾäsa]
breakfast
breakfast Audio
ቁርስ [qurəsə]
lunch
lunch Audio
ምሣ [məsa]
dinner
dinner Audio
እራት [ʾəratə]

Conversation in Amharic
Now we finally reach the fun part, the practice of the daily conversations. These phrases are used to get to know new people, and break the ice.
EnglishAmharicPronunciation
Do you speak (English/ Amharic)?አማርኛ ትናገራለህ?[ʾämarəña tənagäralähə? ] Audio
Just a littleበመጠኑ[bämät'änu] Audio
I like Amharicአማርኛን እወዳለሁ[ʾämarəñanə ʾəwädalähu] Audio
Can I practice with you?ከአንተ ጋር መለማመድ እችላለሁ?[käʾänətä garə mälämamädə ʾəčəlalähu?] Audio
How old are you?ስንት ዓመትህ ነው?[sənətə ʾamätəhə näwə?] Audio
I'm thirty three years oldሰላሣ ሶስት ዓመቴ ነው[sälasa sosətə ʾamäte näwə] Audio
It was nice talking to youከአንተ ጋር በማውራቴ ደስ ብሎኛል[käʾänətä garə bämawərate däsə bəloñalə] Audio
Source: Learn 101

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